Frequently Asked Questions

Frequently Asked Questions

WILL MY EMPLOYER ALSO CONTRIBUTE?

The employer shall contribute a minimum of 7.5% of the employee’s monthly emoluments towards the retirement benefits of the employee.


WHO CAN I COMPLAIN TO IF I HAVE A PROBLEM WITH A PFA?

The Pension Reform Act 2004 allows any employee to complain about any PFA to the National Pension Commission.


CAN ANY EMPLOYER BE ALLOWED TO CONTINUE TO MAINTAIN ITS EXISTING SCHEME IF THE TOTAL ASSETS IN THE SCHEME IS LESS THAN N500,000,000?

Any employer with existing scheme of less that N500,000,000 can still maintain the scheme but the scheme will have to be administered by a PFA separate from the organisation.


WILL GRATUITY BE PAID UNDER THE NEW SCHEME?

Upon retirement, an employee can draw a lump sum (by whatever name called) from the balance standing to the credit of his/her RSA provided the balance after the withdrawal could provide an annuity or fund monthly payments that would not be less than 50% of his monthly pay as at the date of his retirement. […]


IS AN EMPLOYER IN THE PRIVATE SECTOR OPERATING ADEFINED BENEFIT SCHEME REQUIRED TO OPEN RSAs FOR HISEMPLOYEES AND CREDIT ACCRUED PENSION RIGHTS?

Any company operating a defined benefit scheme that is desirous of continuing the scheme must, in addition to satisfying other conditions specified in the Act, open RSAs so that the pension funds can be held by a custodian. Computation of the accrued pension rights to be credited to the RSAs shall be done by actuarial […]


CAN THE EMPLOYER MAKE THE TOTAL CONTRIBUTIONS ON BEHALF OF THE EMPLOYEE?

An employer can make all the contributions on behalf of the employee without making any deduction from the employee’s salary except that such contribution by the employer shall not be less than 15% of the monthly emoluments of the employee.


WHAT IS THE ROLE OF THE GOVERNMENT IN THE NEW PENSION SCHEME?

The Federal Government has established the National Pension Commission and charged it with the responsibility of regulating and supervising new pension scheme.


IS IT ONLY EMPLOYEES THAT JOIN AN ORGANISATION AFTER THE COMMENCEMENT OF THE PENSION REFORM ACT THAT CAN ELECT TO OPT OUT OF A CLOSED PFA?

Every employee may decide to join the contributory pension scheme or move his RSA from a closed PFA to a PFA of his choice subject to such rules and regulations as may be issued by the National Pension Commission.


SHOULD GRATUITY BE INCLUDED IN THE ACTUARIAL VALUATION FOR PURPOSES OF DETERMINING ACCRUED PENSION RIGHTS TO BE TRANSFERRED FROM THE OLD SCHEME INTO THE RSA?

If at the commencement of the Pension Reform Act 2004, the employee is entitled to gratuity (if he were to retire on that date), the gratuity shall be computed and included in the actuarial valuation as part of the accrued pension rights of such employee.


WILL THE CONTRIBUTIONS LEAD TO A DECREASE IN MY MONTHLY EMOLUMENTS?

Your contributions are just savings out of your emoluments towards your old age and the employer’s contribution will only increase such savings.


CAN THE GOVERNMENT TAKE OR USE THE MONEY IN MY RSA FOR ANY PURPOSE?

The Government cannot tamper with the pension funds in your RSA, because the Government cannot have access to the account. Besides, the Government is primarily concerned with ensuring the safety of the money in your RSA through the enforcement of strict rules and regulations.


CAN A NEW MULTINATIONAL COMPANY WITHOUT AN EXISTING PENSION FUND BUT WITH CAPACITY FOR FULLY FUNDED DEFINED BENEFIT PENSION SCHEME APPLY AS CLOSED PFA TO MANAGE THE PENSION OF ITS EMPLOYEES?

In accordance with the provisions of the Pension Reform Act 2004, only an employer with a pension scheme existing before the commencement of the Act can apply to be licensed as a closed PFA.


CAN I WITHDRAW ANY PORTION OF THE AMOUNT IN MY RSA BEFORE RETIREMENT?

Withdrawals from the RSA can only be made upon retirement. However, where an employee makes additional or voluntary lump sum contributions into the RSA, he can withdraw such money before retirement or attainment of the age of 50 years.


ARE PENSION CONTRIBUTIONS PAID TO THE PFA?

Pension contributions are paid directly to the PFC to be held on the order of the PFA.


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